Sunday I finally got it.
What I wanted was to freeze time as much as possible, by reducing the exposure time as much as possible, so for some of these shots I pushed the ISO all the way up to 6400, which resulted in two shots that have exposure times of 1/8000th of a second, and others that range between that value and 1/4000th of a second. Those are the ones where you can see the drops frozen in mid-splash.
The first two are the ones with the shortest exposure times.
There’s little to no blur from the water’s motion.